New Jersey Demographics

The State of New Jersey is a northeastern United States state, bordered on the west by Pennsylvania, on the north by the Hudson River and New York City, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the south by Delaware. The state is famous for its beaches, barrier islands, historic towns, and Atlantic City, a major resort area that includes many hotels, casinos and the famous boardwalk with arcades and rock and roll clubs.

The state is primarily flat, except for hilly areas in Somerset and Hunterdon counties. The central part of the state contains a few large cities, such as Newark and Trenton, with old, quaint houses in some neighborhoods, and crowded urban areas with modern industrial and commercial buildings. Princeton, in Mercer County, is a small, attractive college town. The state also has many suburban developments and much farmland.

New Jersey is one of the nation’s wealthiest states, partly because of its long history of manufacturing and because of the presence of many thriving ports along the Atlantic coast. The state also has a strong agricultural sector and is home to several major corporations.

During the American Revolutionary War, New Jersey played an important role. Two of the most important battles were fought in the state, at Trenton and Princeton. The battles helped boost American morale and pushed the British back to Manhattan. After the war, New Jersey became a part of the United States.

A significant demographic change has occurred in the state over recent decades. In the cities, the white population has declined proportionally to increases in the black and Hispanic populations. The state’s urban areas are marked by continuing decay and poor quality housing, and large-scale suburban shopping centers have replaced downtown department stores.

The State of new jersey shall enact laws providing for a fair and impartial system of elections for public offices, including the governor and lieutenant governor, and for an independent State election commission to oversee such elections. In addition, the State shall enact laws providing for fair and impartial procedures for administering civil rights protections.

After each federal census taken in a year ending in zero, or within three months after receipt in each decade by the appropriate State officer of the official statement by the Clerk of the House of Representatives, issued pursuant to federal law regarding the number of members of the United States House of Representatives apportioned to this State for that decade, the Governor shall convene a commission to establish Congressional districts. The commission shall consist of 13 members, none of whom may be a member or an employee of the Congress of the United States. The commission shall hold public hearings throughout the State and, at its meeting at which the establishment of districts is certified as prescribed by this paragraph, all such meetings shall be open to the public.

The Governor may cause an investigation to be made of the conduct in office of any State officer or employee who receives compensation for services rendered by him, except a member, officer or employee of the Senate or General Assembly or an elected judicial officer. Upon notice and opportunity to be heard, the Governor may remove any such officer or employee from the office or position.