A Beginner’s Guide to Painting


Painting is one of the oldest forms of visual expression. The process involves applying various layers of pigment to a support, creating a composition that conveys sensations of movement, volume, space and light – traditionally on a flat surface. The earliest known paintings are cave drawings dating back to the Neolithic period. Painting has continued to be an important part of human culture throughout the ages, from ceremonial and religious works to more personal artistic expressions, such as landscapes and portraits.

The basic tools of painting include brushes, paints and a palette. There are also a variety of different styles to choose from, so it’s worth playing around to see what suits you best. Some people prefer a looser, more expressive style, while others like to work in very detailed ways. Composition techniques vary too – some artists sketch out the main areas before filling them in, while others paint freely and start from flat patches of colour.

There are many different kinds of paint, including watercolour, acrylic and oil. The latter is traditional artist’s paint, usually made from pigments mixed with linseed, safflower or poppy oils and thinned with turpentine. However, modern water-soluble oils are available as well.

Whatever kind of paint you use, it’s important to prepare the surface correctly before you begin. Clear the area of any furniture to give yourself plenty of working space and lay down a drop sheet or protective covering to catch any spills or splatters. Also, make sure you have all the right equipment – a paint tray; a good quality brush and paint roller, masking tape; and, if you have high ceilings, a painter’s extension pole.

When it comes to choosing a colour, it’s useful to have a basic understanding of the colour wheel. This shows how all the primary colours (red, yellow and blue) can be combined to create a huge number of hues – it’s worth making your own personal color mixing chart so that you can remember the combinations you’ve tried and find out which ones work well together.

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced painter, there’s always room for improvement. Trying new things and learning from your mistakes is the only way to become a master painter, so don’t be afraid to experiment and find what makes you tick as an artist.

The art of painting is a spiritual practice that can lead to personal growth, insight and change. It can teach you to let go of fear, doubt and expectations. It can help you discover the power of not-knowing – the innocence that allows for compassion and forgiveness. And it can bring you to the awe of true completion, the moment when you see your creation in its entirety for the first time.